Sunday, October 4, 2009
images from artrenewal.org
In 1891 Chase opened a summer landscape painting school out on Long Island near the village of Shinnecock. Student works were critiqued on Mondays. Often hundreds of them were passed in front of Chase for critique. With the help of his wealthy patrons the next year a house was built for Chase and his family that was designed by his friend Sanford White. Chase began painting in a higher key palette outdoors. He was beginning to teach an out door style influenced by the French impressionists which were becoming all the rage.
There were usually about a hundred students at a time and some of the best painters of the next generation were there. Rockwell Kent,, Charles Hawthorne, Gifford and Reynolds Beal, and Howard Chandler Christie were all students at Shinnecock. The house in the background was the house built for Chase.
Chase actually taught only on Monday and Tuesdays, but his students painted full time all week. Within a few years there were other schools started around the country based on Chase's model. For instance the Cape School of Art founded by Charles Hawthorne, a Chase student, and then continued under Henry Henshe was one such school.
Here is gray day, handled nicely.
There was an explosion of interest in outdoor painting that lasted fore several generations. Many of the painters who were the stars of the next generation had links to William Merrit Chase, like Dennis Miller Bunker, Frank Duveneck, and Maurice Braun.
biographical information partly from William Merrit Chase, by Ronald G. Pisano. Below is a link if you want a copy of this excellent book.