Back to the paintings of the ancient world! The ancient Greeks prized paintings. However only four examples survive, of these, all are fragments except this. You are looking at the only complete example of an ancient Greek painting. There is another panel from the group of four that is a large fragment also showing nymphs like these in a closer view. There is no way to know how good or even typical examples of the periods painting these are. They were preserved because they had been placed in a cave.
The four extant examples were found in the 1930's near a village in Greece called Pitsa, hence the paintings are called the Pitsa panels. These were painted about 530 B.C. That makes them about 800 years older than the Fayum portraits! We know the names of a number of the ancient Greek painters, some from as far back as 700 B.C., but their work is now lost.
The painting shows a ceremonial procession with nymphs leading a sacrificial lamb to an altar. All of the figures are seen from the same side view. They are outlined in black and then filled in with color. They are painted on wooden panels coated with plaster. The artist did have a rather wide range of colors though, white, black, brown, blue, green, yellow, red, and purple.
However one sort of painting has survived from the ancient Greeks in enormous quantities, vase painting. There are over one hundred thousand extant ancient Greek vases. Tomorrow I will begin showing some of those. I love Greek pottery, I think when you see the art on it, you will too.