Frank Duveneck 1848-1919 was a pivotal figure in American painting. Raised in Covington Kentucky, near Cincinnati, he studied in painting in Munich. We are so aware today of the generations of painters who trained in Paris, but a generation earlier many American painters went to Germany, usually Munich or Dusseldorf to study. The German style was dark and used expressive brushwork of brushwork.
A generation of young Americans returned from Europe in the 1870's and overthrew the Hudson River school. Duveneck was one, William Merritt Case was another. In the mid 1870's Duveneck developed a reputation that drew students to him on his European trips. In 1878 Duveneck started a school in Bavaria.
In 1886 Duveneck married and several years later was widowed. This had an enormous effect on him and he returned to Covington, Kentucky and taught at the Art Academy of Cincinnati.
Duveneck trained a number of artists who were important in the coming generation. Some of them were John Twachtman, Kenyon Cox, Theodore Wendell, Robert Blum, Joseph DeCamp and Herman Wessell.
In later years Duveneck spent his summers in the art colony at Gloucester, Massachusetts.